Track Turkey’s executive presidency bill through parliament

Track Turkey’s executive presidency bill through parliament

Follow as MPs vote on each clause of proposals to grant President Erdoğan sweeping executive powers

On Monday 9 January, Turkey’s MPs began debating the governing AK Party’s proposals to reform the country’s system of government and concentrate power in the hands of a single office, the presidency. You can read more about the proposals in detail in James in Turkey’s explainer here.

This page tracks their progress as they vote on each part of the 18-article proposal.

A minimum of 330 votes is required to put the proposals to a referendum – opposition leaders believe wavering MPs in the AK Party and the nationalist MHP, whose leadership supports the measures, could push the numbers below this threshold.

Below are the results of each stage of voting and a brief summary of what each article would do. Voting was conducted in two rounds; the first round was completed on 15 January and the second concluded early in the morning of 21 January. In all, MPs spent 129 hours and 12 minutes debating and voting on the constitutional amendment in the space of twelve days.

See the Turkish parliament’s website to read the proposals – in Turkish – in greater detail.

Follow the links below to jump to a section of voting:


Initial vote

Decision on whether to proceed to clause-by-clause voting.

ChoiceResult
Yes338
No134
Abstain2
Blank5
Spoiled1
Total480
Boycotts HDP (59)
10 Jan
1.20am

Clause-by-clause voting

Article 1

Addition of word “unbiased” to clause on judiciary.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes347345
No132140
Abstain20
Blank21
Spoiled10
Total484486
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
10 Jan
11.37pm
18 Jan
7.11pm

Article 2

Increase the number of MPs from 550 to 600.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343342
No133139
Abstain10
Blank24
Spoiled10
Total480485
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
11 Jan
3.31am
18 Jan
9.09pm

Article 3

Lower minimum age to become an MP from 25 to 18.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes341342
No139137
Abstain00
Blank33
Spoiled23
Total485485
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
11 Jan
10.22pm
18 Jan
10.10pm

Article 4

Hold parliamentary elections at least once every 5 years, up from every 4 years. Hold parliamentary and presidential elections simultaneously.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343342
No139138
Abstain01
Blank24
Spoiled21
Total486486
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
12 Jan
1.43am
18 Jan
11.14pm

Article 5

Remove reference in constitution that requires parliament to scrutinise the executive.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343342
No7140
Abstain00
Blank34
Spoiled10
Total354486
Boycotts CHP (133)
HDP (59)
HDP (59)
12 Jan
4.30am
19 Jan
12.26am

Article 6

Remove parliament’s power to censure ministers and the government; water down other scrutiny powers.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343342
No137138
Abstain00
Blank23
Spoiled12
Total483485
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
12 Jan
9.28pm
19 Jan
2.44am

Article 7

Candidacy and election of president, including qualifications required to run, method of election and two-term limit.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes340340
No136136
Abstain01
Blank44
Spoiled23
Total482484
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
13 Jan
12.34am
19 Jan
3.51am

Article 8

Role and responsibilities of president, including powers to rule by decree.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes340339
No135138
Abstain01
Blank52
Spoiled13
Total481483
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
13 Jan
3.13am
19 Jan
11.57pm

Article 9

President’s criminal liabilities

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343341
No137137
Abstain00
Blank34
Spoiled21
Total485483
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
13 Jan
8.26pm
20 Jan
1.24am

Article 10

Defining the role and responsibilities of vice presidents and cabinet ministers

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343340
No135136
Abstain00
Blank33
Spoiled22
Total483481
Boycotts HDP (59)
13 Jan
11.59pm
20 Jan
2.20am

Article 11

So-called guillotine system: parliament and president can dissolve one another.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes341342
No134135
Abstain11
Blank53
Spoiled20
Total483481
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
14 Jan
4.12am
20 Jan
3.11am

Article 12

President’s ability to declare a state of emergency of up to six months, and his powers during this period.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes344342
No133138
Abstain00
Blank22
Spoiled32
Total482484
BoycottsHDP (59)HDP (59)
14 Jan
7.42pm
20 Jan
7.36pm

Article 13

Abolition of all military tribunals except for discipline cases.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes343343
No133136
Abstain10
Blank33
Spoiled22
Total482484
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
14 Jan
10.33pm
20 Jan
8.34pm

Article 14

Sweeping changes to the HSYK, the body that appoints admits judges and prosecutors into the profession, allocates them to specific courts and takes any disciplinary action against them.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes341342
No133139
Abstain10
Blank43
Spoiled43
Total483486
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
15 Jan
12.17am
20 Jan
10.21pm

Article 15

Powers to propose the country’s annual budget shift from ministers collectively to the president individually. Parliament’s powers to scrutinise slightly watered down.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes341342
No134141
Abstain10
Blank52
Spoiled21
Total483486
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
15 Jan
3.08am
20 Jan
11.32pm

Article 16

Remove references to “cabinet”, “prime minister” and other now-redundant terms from the constitution.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes341342
No134141
Abstain10
Blank32
Spoiled31
Total482486
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
15 Jan
6.06am
21 Jan
12.34pm

Article 17

Temporary measures to cover transition period to next general election in 2019.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes342341
No135139
Abstain20
Blank32
Spoiled23
Total484485
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
15 Jan
8.21pm
21 Jan
1.39am

Article 18

Remove articles rendered redundant in existing constitution by these reforms.

ChoiceRound 1Round 2
Yes344343
No131142
Abstain10
Blank22
Spoiled31
Total481488
Boycotts HDP (59) HDP (59)
15 Jan
11.20pm
21 Jan
3.10am

Final vote

A final vote on the entire constitutional amendment package as a whole.

ChoiceResult
Yes339
No142
Abstain0
Blank5
Spoiled2
Total488
Boycotts HDP (59)
21 Jan
4.16am