Turkish political road map

Can’t tell your DBP from your HYP? Here’s our ultimate guide.

Turkish politics has been a complicated beast to follow since  the 1980 coup. Vast electoral swings and enforced party closures meant that the 1990s in particular resembled a spaghetti junction of shifting allegiances and cross-spectrum alliances.

To help you navigate it all, here’s JamesInTurkey.com’s road map of Turkey’s political parties, from 1980 to the present day.

 

Map AMap BMap CMap DMap EMap FMap G

Last updated: 4 August 2016

Historical Kurdish party logos reproduced by Ala Kurdistan

44 comments

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  • this is quite impressive and almost perfect. the only missing political path is pro-kurdish parties before 2005. they joined shp during 1987 and 1991 elections, after that they were under the election threshold under different names.
    also, for the 2002 crisis, the financial breakdown can be added to the leadership crisis. the funny incident of president sezer throwing the constitution book to the prime minister ecevit at the national security council meeting, and ecevit complaining about it to the cameras as soon as he went out, followed by a devaluation of turkish lira.
    thank you, this will be a reference for a lot of people.

    Reply
    • Thanks for the feedback. I’d excluded the earlier incarnations of the Kurdish parties for the sake of simplicity but I think you’re right, they’re too important to leave out. I know DEP allied with SHP in 1991 but did they do it in 87 too?

      Reply
      • Pro-Kurdish politicians were members of shp until 1988, when they were expelled from the party due to their participation in an intetnational kurdish conference.Then they formed HEP and allied with SHP in 1991. After the elections they resigned from SHP and returned to Hep. Because of a crisis in the parliement, HEP wad closed. Many members were banned from active politcs. Rest is history.

        Reply
  • Nice, thank you for this. Yet there are some problems with some of the vote shares. I could detect problems at 2011 HAS shares (0.76, not 3.03) and 2007 Saadet shares (2.34, not 5.41). There can be other problematic share proportions but personally I couldn’t find anything else. In addition to that, it would be interesting to add at least some amount of history of radical left to this picture. For instance some radical leftist parties which had taken 100.000+votes at times (like ÖDP) could be included, though I am very well aware that this would complicate the whole picture even more -especially because of the merges, divergences and history of its former constituents. You could also add some of the half-century-old leftist parties which are now supporting HDP, inclusion of which would double the complicity which we now face here, to say the least. Just to note. Cheers.

    Reply
    • Thanks Mesut, great feedback, much appreciated. I’ll fix the HAS and Saadet mistakes when I get a sec.

      On the far left: it was a conscious decision. They’ve really never been an electoral heavyweight and the diagram is complicated as it is!

      Reply
  • Very nice work thank you for this. There is one problem, for Kurdish movement DHP (Demokratik Halk Partisi) participated in 2002 elections with a share of 6,22% vote.

    Reply
  • Nice job,thank you.However, one party is missing. ” Anatolia Party “. Following Emine Ülker Tarhan’s resignation from Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), she has founded a new political party on 2014,November 14. Emine Ülker Tarhan is the only member of parliament. She is Turkish jurist,politician and was formerly a judge at the High Court of Appeals and also founding member of the Judges’ and Prosecutors’ Association (YARSAV) and so on..Party polling was 8.04 when it was found..The ideology and other details,you may search more..

    Reply
  • Thanks, it is a well done job. It shows clearly how Turkey’s citizens were unfortunate and helpless since Ataturk established the secular system 1923 and his death 1938, In this time frame Turkey has opened a war-plane factory , planed to enlarge the railways and also progress education and agriculture eventhough without economic strenght and established industry after the 1st world war.
    Now, most of the parties’ leaders listed above are the engineers of politic sector -as like seen in other moslem countries- aiming only monetary plans, their egos and use moslem religion or help fanatic religious groups who have the same plan and set ups. It is so simple to open up a political party and gain nominees of parliaments contrubuting a well amount of money and hoping to get 100 times of it when elected. It just like betting on horse rides. On the other hand, we have real nationalist and demoractic viewed leaders trying to save secular Turkey and this “one of the best beautiful country of the world ” from the dirty minded politicians showing theirselves as super moslemist in the fridays praying time at mosques showed on all tv’s. Please note that, 92% of Turkey moslems can not read Quran and press run is 5% of the total population.

    Reply
  • Hello, this is simply magnificent. I have just one correction, I think number of seats for parliament should be 400 instead of 450 in 1983 elections. Otherwise Anap would not form a government on its own with 211 seats.
    tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_Türkiye_genel_seçimleri

    Reply
    • You’re absolutely right. I’ll fix that as soon as possible.

      EDIT: Fun fact. ANAP lost a seat in Bingöl because it misspelt a candidate’s name, so the total number of seats in parliament was 399 from the start.

      Reply
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  • the chart looks really great! I would like to include it in my thesis if I find a visually possible way… would you have the time to update it based on the suggestions/corrections in the near future so I could use that version instead?

    again, thank you! great contribution to the scientific knowledge pool !

    Reply
    • Extremely well organized. I am doing on Laicism in Turkey, and this would be an extremely useful contribution. My two questions for you are (1) Do you mind if I cite your work in my upcoming article? and (2) Do you have any recommendations on sources I should read beneficial to this topic? Thank you, and very well done!

      Reply
  • This is the genocide map of the nation. Not any single of those worked for the sake of this country but for themselves.
    The so-called patriots were useless since they were not wise enough to manage even a village.
    People here are so easily fooled by people in power, in tuxedos, talking bold and loud.

    Reply
  • It would be even greater if you find a way and time to incorporate the parties from 1923 (!) to the 70’ies. Eg. TİP Türkiye İşçi Partisi, the labor party, had a large presence in the parliament post-1960.

    Reply
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  • Perfect roadmap. Bookmarked this, definitely get back and check regularly.
    Only one thing, why don’t you add parties from the beginning ? It won’t be as complex (since there was a long period of one-party CHP government). Those CHP, (real) DP and CKMP years are also important.

    Reply
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  • Very nice presentation indeed. Some comments: CHP’s leadership change in 2010 is missing. I think it’s too important to be excluded. More details about military pressures would be good. However, maybe you need a separate track 🙂

    Reply
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